Medical Mnemonics

USMLE MNEMONICS

Medical mnemonics are a great tools to remember the bulk medical information in all medical fields. medical mnemonics have been proved to improve memory on any medical topic that would be difficult to grasp. We include examples and definitions of all the relevant study materials including cranial nerves,emergency medicine mnemonics, anatomy, physiology,and other topics in some medical books.you my laugh because some mnemonics are funny.


Click on a mnemonic topic to go to the details on each;

A . Emergency medicine mnemonics

Topics;

Acute LVF management


LMNOP:[4]

Atrial fibrillation: causes of new onset



B. Radiology mnemonics

Topics;

Chest radiograph: checklist to examine[edit]


"Pamela Found Our Rotation Particularly Exciting; Very Highly Commended Mainly 'Cus She Arouses":

Chest X-ray interpretation[edit]


Preliminary is ABCDEF:


Chest X-ray: cavitating lesions differential[edit]


"If you see HOLES on chest X-ray, they are WEIRD":


Elbow ossification centers, in sequence[edit]


CRITOE:


Head CT scan: evaluation checklist[edit]


"Blood Can BVery Bad":

Neck sagittal x-ray: examination checklist[edit]


ABCD:


CHaematology/Oncology mnemonics

Topics;

Anterior mediastinal masses



4 T's:

Dermatomyositis or polymyositis: risk of underlying malignancy




Risk is 30% at age 30. Risk is 40% at age 40, and so on.


Lung cancer: main sites for distant metastases[edit]




BLAB:


Esophageal cancer: risk factors




ABCDEF:




Achalasia


Lung cancer: notorious consequences




SPEECH:


D. Miscellaneous mnemonics

Topics;

Cholinergic Crisis


SLUDGE and the Killer B's:


also known as DUMBBELLS



DISCO

DIGITALIS ISONIAZID SPIRILACTINE CIMETIDINE, KETOCONQZILE OESTROGEN

Drugs for Bradycardia and Hypotension[edit]



Diaphragm innervation[edit]


C3, 4, 5 Keeps the Diaphragm Alive[24]

Intubation preparation[edit]


P's



E. Anatomy mnemonics

Topics;

Afferent vs efferent


Afferent connection arrives and an efferent connection exits.

Anterior leg muscles

"The Hospitals Are Not Dirty Places"

  • Tibialis anterior

  • extensor Hallucis longus

  • anterior tibial Artery

  • deep fibular Nerve

  • extensor Digitorum longus

  • Peronius tertius [aka fibularis tertius]


Brachial plexus


Remember TDrink Cold Beer - Roots, Trunks, Divisions, Cords, Branches

  • Posterior cord branches

F. Physiology mnemonics

Topics;

Cochlea: inner vs. outer hair cell function



"Outer cells are Out of the brain. Inner cells are Into the brain":




Outer hair cells are motor efferents to amplify signal.




Inner hair cells are sensory afferents that actually pick up the sound.



G. Neurology mnemonics


Topics;

Chorea: common causes


St. VITUS'S DANCE:[4]

Sydenhams

Vascular

Increased RBC's (polycythemia)

Toxins: CO, Mg, Hg

Uremia

SLE

Senile chorea

Drugs

APLA syndrome

Neurodegenerative conditions: HD, neuroacanthocytosis, DRPLA

HAnaesthesiology mnemonics


Topics;


Anesthesia machine/room check

MS MAID:

Monitors (EKG, SpO2, EtCO2, etc.)

Suction

Machine check (according to ASA guidelines)

Airway equipment (ETT, laryngoscope, oral/nasal airway)

IV equipment

Drugs (emergency, inductions, NMBs, etc.)

Endotracheal intubation: diagnosis of poor bilateral breath sounds after intubation

DOPE:

Displaced (usually right mainstem, pyreform fossa, etc.)

Obstruction (kinked or bitten tube, mucous plug, etc.)

Pneumothorax (collapsed lung)

I. Biochemistry mnemonics

Topics;

B vitamin names

"The Rhythm Nearly Proved Contagious":

In increasing order:

Thiamine (B1)

Riboflavin (B2)

Niacin (B3)

Pyridoxine (B6)

Cobalamin (B12)

Essential amino acids[edit]

"PVT. TIM HALL always argues, never tires":

Phe

Val

Thr

Trp

Ile

Met

His

Arg

Lue

Lys

  • Always argues: the A is for Arg, not Asp.

  • 'Never tires': T is not Tyr, but is both Thr and Trp.

J. Cardiology mnemonics

Topics;

Aortic regurgitation: causes


CREAM:

Congenital

Rheumatic damage

Endocarditis

Aortic dissection/ Aortic root dilatation

Marfan’s

Aortic stenosis characteristics

SAD:[1]p. 29

Syncope

Angina

Dyspnoea

Aortic to right Subclavian path

ABC'S[1]p. 1

Aortic arch gives rise to:

Brachiocephalic trunk

Left Common Carotid

Left Subclavian

Heart valves (right to left)



K. Physical exam mnemonics

Topics;

Abdominal AssessmentTo assess abdomen, palpate all 4 quadrants for DR. GERM:


Distension: liver problems, bowel obstruction

Rigidity (board like): bleeding

Guarding: muscular tension when touched

Eviseration/ Ecchymosis

Rebound tenderness: infection

Masses

Altered Level of Consciousness: Reasons


AEIOU TIPS

Alcohol

Epilepsy, Electrolytes, and Encephalopathy

Insulin

Overdose, Oxygen

Underdose, Uremia

Trauma, Temperature

Infection

Psychogenic, Poisons

Stroke, Shock[12]

L. Psychiatry mnemonics

Topics;

Conduct disorder vs. Antisocial personality disorder[edit]


Conduct disorder is seen in Children. Antisocial personality disorder is seen in Adults.

Depression: symptoms and signs (DSM-IV criteria)[edit]


AWESOME:

Affect flat

Weight change (loss or gain)

Energy, loss of

Sad feelings/ Suicide thoughts or plans or attempts/ Sexual inhibition/ Sleep change (loss or excess)/ Social withdrawal

Others (guilt, loss of pleasure, hopeless)

Memory loss

Emotional blunting

M. Respiratory mnemonics

Topics;

Airway assessment


LEMON

  • Look

  • Evaluate

  • Mallampati

  • Occlusion

  • Neck mobility

N. Pathology mnemonics

Topics;


Acute intermittent porphyria: signs and symptoms


Ps:

Pain in the abdomen

Polyneuropathy

Psychological abnormalities

Pink urine

Precipitated by drugs (including barbiturates, oral contraceptives, and sulfa drugs)

Acute ischemia: signs [especially limbs


P's:

Pain

Pallor

Pulselessness

Paralysis

Paraesthesia

Perishingly cold

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